Soybean Cultivation in India with Farming Process
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Soybean Cultivation in India with Farming Process
Soybean Cultivation is as an oilseed crop because more oil is obtained from its seeds. Nutrients are found in abundance in soybean, due to which is more beneficial for the human body. Soybean is used as a vegetable for food, and the oil extracted from the grains is used for food and making Ayurvedic medicines. Soy can also be consumed to control the amount of cholesterol in the blood. Apart from proteins, many types of acids are also found in them. Its cultivation requires a warm and moist climate. Soybean is mainly cultivated in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India.

Soil, Climate and Temperature 

For good production of soybean, clay loam soil is required. Its cultivation should not be done in light sandy soil. The land in its cultivation should have proper drainage and the P.H. of the land. The value must be between 7. A warm climate is considered suitable for soybean cultivation. Soybean plants give higher yields in hot and humid climates. Its cultivation does not require much rainfall. Soybean plants provide more production at an average temperature. Its seeds need 20 degrees to germinate, and its seeds ripen well at high temperatures.

Field Preparation and Fertiliser

To prepare the soybean field, first of all, the area's soil is deeply ploughed with turning ploughs. Due to this, the remains of the old crop in the field are destroyed. After pressing, leave the field open for a few days. After the first ploughing of the area, 20 to 25 carts of old cow dung manure must be given per hectare in the field. Then this, two to three slant ploughing of the domain is done, due to which the dung manure gets mixed well in the field's soil. After mixing the dung manure in the ground, it is pulverised by applying water. After ploughing, once the field's soil becomes dry, push the area again. This will make the ground of the field friable. After the ground becomes friable, level the field by patting it. This will prevent water logging in the area.

Sowing Method

Soybean seeds are planted in the form of sources. In a one-hectare field, about 70KG of small size grains, 80KG of medium size, and 100KG of large size grains are required to grow its origins. Soybean seeds are planted in a flat area by machine. Moreover, the Swaraj 744 tractor is excellent for planting.  Before planting the seeds, they are treated by mixing appropriate amounts. This reduces the risk of the sources getting diseased during germination. The months of June and July are considered suitable for planting soybean seeds.

Irrigation 

Soybean seeds are planted in the rainy season, so their crop does not require initial irrigation. If there is no rain on time, and if there is a water shortage in the harvest, water should be applied to the field. After this, water the soybean plants at least once a week when the rainy season is over. After this, when the pods start coming on the plants, at that time, light irrigation has to be done according to the need to maintain the moisture on the plants. This results in higher yields.

Weed Control 

Both chemical and natural methods are used for weed control on soybean plants. Weeding is naturally done for weed control. The initial weeding of its plants is done 20 to 25 days after transplanting, and the subsequent weeding is also done at 20 days. Also, implements used for weed control as Powertrac euro 50 tractor can handle every type of implement.  Apart from this, if you control weeds by chemical method, you have to spray the appropriate amount of metolachlor per hectare after planting the crop. Also, spread the proper amount of fluchloralin or trifluralin before planting the seeds in the field.

Harvesting 

The soybean is ready to produce 90 to 100 days after sowing the seeds. When the leaves on its plants begin to turn yellow and fall, and the colour of the beans also starts to appear brown, during that time, the beans are cut and separated from the plants. After harvesting the beans, they are dried thoroughly in the field. After this, the dried beans are separated through the thresher.

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